The Additional Protocol to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Biomedicine applies the principles set out in the biomedicine Convention to the field of transplantation. The aim of the Convention is protect human dignity and integrity, as well as rights and fundamental freedoms, in the face of scientific and medical advances.
The Additional Protocol contains general principles and specific provisions regarding the transplantation of organs and tissues of human origin for therapeutic purposes.
The general principles set out in the Additional Protocol include equitable access to transplantation services for patients, transparent rules for organ allocation, health and safety standards, the prohibition of financial gain by donors, and the need for donors, recipients, health professionals and the public to be properly informed.
The specific provisions cover the removal of organs from living and deceased persons, the use made of the organs and tissues removed, the prohibition of financial gain, confidentiality, and sanctions and compensation.