The governments signatory hereto, being members of the Council of Europe,
Being resolved to take steps to ensure the collective enforcement of certain rights and
freedoms other than those already included in Section 1 of the Convention
for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms signed at Rome on 4th
November 1950 (hereinafter referred to as the "Convention") and in Articles 1 to
3 of the First Protocol to the Convention, signed at Paris on 20th
Have agreed as follows:
Article 1 Prohibition of imprisonment for debt
No one shall be deprived of his liberty merely on the ground of inability to fulfil a
Article 2 Freedom of movement
- Everyone lawfully within the territory of a State shall, within that territory, have the
right to liberty of movement and freedom to choose his residence.
- Everyone shall be free to leave any country, including his own.
- No restrictions shall be placed on the exercise of these rights other than such as are
in accordance with law and are necessary in a democratic society in the interests of
national security or public safety, for the maintenance of ordre public, for the
prevention of crime, for the protection of health or morals, or for the protection of the
rights and freedoms of others.
- The rights set forth in paragraph 1 may also be subject, in particular areas, to
restrictions imposed in accordance with law and justified by the public interest in a
Article 3 Prohibition of expulsion of nationals
- No one shall be expelled, by means either of an individual or of a collective measure,
from the territory of the State of which he is a national.
- No one shall be deprived of the right to enter the territory of the state of which he is
Article 4 Prohibition of collective expulsion of aliens
Collective expulsion of aliens is prohibited.
Article 5 Territorial application
- Any High Contracting Party may, at the time of signature or ratification of this
Protocol, or at any time thereafter, communicate to the Secretary General of the Council
of Europe a declaration stating the extent to which it undertakes that the provisions of
this Protocol shall apply to such of the territories for the international relations of
which it is responsible as are named therein.
- Any High Contracting Party which has communicated a declaration in virtue of the
preceding paragraph may, from time to time, communicate a further declaration modifying
the terms of any former declaration or terminating the application of the provisions of
this Protocol in respect of any territory.
- 1A declaration made in accordance with this
article shall be deemed to have been made in accordance with paragraph 1 of Article 56 of
- The territory of any State to which this Protocol applies by virtue of ratification or
acceptance by that State, and each territory to which this Protocol is applied by virtue
of a declaration by that State under this article, shall be treated as separate
territories for the purpose of the references in Articles 2 and 3 to the territory of a
- 2Any State which has made a declaration in
accordance with paragraph 1 or 2 of this Article may at any time thereafter declare on
behalf of one or more of the territories to which the declaration relates that it accepts
the competence of the Court to receive applications from individuals, non-governmental
organisations or groups of individuals as provided in Article 34 of the Convention in
respect of all or any of Articles 1 to 4 of this Protocol.
Article 6 Relationship to the Convention1
Chart of Declarations under former paragraph 2 of this article
As between the High Contracting Parties the provisions of Articles 1 to 5 of this
Protocol shall be regarded as additional articles to the Convention, and all the
provisions of the Convention shall apply accordingly.
Article 7 Signature and ratification
- This Protocol shall be open for signature by the members of the Council of Europe who
are the signatories of the Convention; it shall be ratified at the same time as or after
the ratification of the Convention. It shall enter into force after the deposit of five
instruments of ratification. As regards any signatory ratifying subsequently, the Protocol
shall enter into force at the date of the deposit of its instrument of ratification.
- The instruments of ratification shall be deposited with the Secretary General of the
Council of Europe, who will notify all Members of the names of those who have ratified.
In witness whereof the undersigned, being duly authorised thereto, have signed this
Done at Strasbourg, this 16th day of September 1963, in English and in French, both texts
being equally authoritative, in a single copy which shall remain deposited in the archives
of the Council of Europe. The Secretary General shall transmit certified copies to each of
the signatory states.