The Convention sets out certain rules for consular relations between member States, while taking account of the worldwide Vienna Convention on Consular Relations of 1963. It defines the general functions of consuls to protect the rights and promote the interests of their nationals and their country within their district. It also lays down rules for the issue or delivery of documents, the administration of estates and assistance to shipping.
The Protocol relating to the protection of refugees (ETS no. 061A), sets out provisions concerning refugies in the meaning of Article 48 of the Convention.
According to the provisions of the Protocol relating to the consular functions in respect of civil aircraft (ETS no. 061B), the provisions of Articles 28 to 41 of the Convention applies too to the civil aircraft, as far as they are likely to by applied.