Appendix to Statutory Resolution (94) 3
(adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 14 January 1994
at the 506th meeting of the Ministers' Deputies)
Charter of the Congress of Local
and Regional Authorities of Europe (CLRAE)
The objectives of the CLRAE are set out in Article 2 of Statutory Resolution (94) 3
relating to the setting up of the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of Europe.
- The CLRAE shall be composed of representatives who shall be chosen from among holders of
a local or regional authority electoral mandate or of a mandate as a person directly
responsible to an elected local or regional body.
- The membership of each member State's delegation in the CLRAE shall be such as to
- a balanced geographical distribution of representatives from the member State's
- equitable representation of the various types of local and regional authorities in the
- equitable representation of the various political forces in the statutory bodies of
local and regional authorities in the member State;
- equitable representation of women and men on the statutory bodies of local and regional
authorities in the member State.
- Each member State shall have the right to the same number of seats in the CLRAE as it
has in the Parliamentary Assembly. Each member State may send a number of substitutes
equal to the number of representatives. Substitutes shall be members of the chambers in
the same capacity as representatives.
- The rules and procedures governing the choice of representatives to the CLRAE shall also
apply to substitutes.
- Representatives and substitutes shall be sent for a period of two ordinary sessions of
the CLRAE and shall maintain their functions until the opening of the following session.
In the event of the death or resignation of a representative or substitute or of loss of
the mandate referred to in paragraph 1 above, a replacement shall be chosen, in accordance
with the same rules and procedure, for the remainder of his or her predecessor's mandate.
- Representatives and substitutes to the CLRAE shall be appointed by an official procedure
specific to each member State. Each government shall inform the Secretary General of the
Council of Europe of this procedure. Such a procedure shall be approved by the CLRAE in
conformity with the principles contained in its Rules of Procedure.
- Each member State, when notifying the Secretary General of the composition of its
delegation, shall indicate those representatives and substitutes who will be members of
the Chamber of Local Authorities and those who will be members of the Chamber of Regions.
- International associations of local and regional authorities which have consultative
status with the Council of Europe shall have observer status with the CLRAE. Other
organisations may, on request, obtain observer status with the CLRAE, if its Standing
Committee so decides, or with one of its chambers under the latter's Rules of Procedure.
- The CLRAE may, on request, grant special guest status to delegations from local and
regional authorities in European non-member States which have such status with the
Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. The Bureau of the CLRAE shall assign to
each special guest State the same number of seats as it has in the Parliamentary Assembly.
The appointment of special guest delegations shall be based on the same criteria set out
in Articles 2 and 3.
- The observers and the members of the delegations mentioned in paragraph 2 shall take
part in the proceedings of the CLRAE and of its chambers, with the right to speak, subject
to the President's consent, but not to vote. The other conditions of their participation
in the Standing Committee and in working groups shall be laid down in the Rules of
Procedure of the CLRAE.
- The CLRAE shall meet in ordinary session once a year. Ordinary sessions shall be held at
the Council of Europe's headquarters, unless otherwise decided, by common consent, by the
CLRAE or its Standing Committee and the Committee of Ministers.
- The sessions of each of the two chambers shall be held either immediately before and/or
after the session of the CLRAE. On the proposal of the Bureau of the CLRAE, either chamber
may hold other sessions after prior agreement with the Committee of Ministers.
- The CLRAE shall organise its work within the framework of two chambers: the Chamber of
Local Authorities and the Chamber of Regions. Each chamber has at its disposal a number of
seats equal to that of the Congress itself.
- Each chamber shall appoint its Bureau which is composed of the President of the chamber
and of six members, respecting as far as possible a fair geographical distribution among
member States. No member State shall have more than one representative on the Bureau of
- The Standing Committee shall be responsible for ensuring the continuity of the work of
the CLRAE and for acting on its behalf between sessions. It shall, in particular, follow
the different fields of intergovernmental activities of the Council of Europe.
- The Standing Committee shall consist, from each national delegation, of two
representatives. Members of the Bureau of the CLRAE shall be included among those
representatives. States which are represented in only one chamber shall have only one seat
on the Standing Committee.
- The two Bureaux shall constitute jointly the Bureau of the CLRAE which shall be
responsible for the preparation of the plenary session of the CLRAE and for the
co-ordination of the work of the two chambers, in particular as to the distribution of
work between the two chambers, the preparation of the budget and the allocation of
- The Bureau of the CLRAE shall be presided over by the President of the Congress who is
not entitled to vote at the Bureau.
- After the distribution of questions between the two chambers in accordance with Article
8, the Bureau of the chamber competent to deal with a question may set up an ad hoc working
group with a limited number of members (to a maximum of eleven) empowered with specific
terms of reference (preparation of a report, organisation of a conference, follow-up to a
co-operation project or to specific intergovernmental activities of the Council of
Europe). Organisation of the work of these ad hoc working groups shall be governed
by the Rules of Procedure.
- When a question falls within the competence of the two chambers, the Bureau of the CLRAE
may set up a mixed working group common to both chambers.
- The CLRAE and its two chambers may consult, in accordance with the provisions to be set
out in their Rules of Procedure, representatives of international associations of local
and regional authorities mentioned in Article 4 as well as national associations of local
and regional authorities designated by national delegations. The cost of participation in
these consultations shall be borne by such organisations or associations.
- All the Recommendations and Opinions to be addressed to the Committee of Ministers
and/or the Parliamentary Assembly as well as the Resolutions addressed to the local and
regional authorities as a whole shall be adopted by the CLRAE at its plenary session or by
the Standing Committee.
- However, when a question is considered by the Bureau of the CLRAE as falling exclusively
within the competence of a chamber:
- the Recommendations and Opinions relating to such a question which are addressed to the
Committee of Ministers, and/or to the Parliamentary Assembly, shall be adopted by the
Standing Committee, if necessary after obtaining the opinion of the other chamber, but
without any consideration of the substance of the matter;
- the Resolutions relating to the question and which are addressed to the authorities that
the chamber represents, shall be adopted by the Standing Committee without consideration
of the substance of the matter.
The conditions under which the Committee of Ministers and the Parliamentary Assembly
may be collectively represented in the debates of the CLRAE or of the chambers and those
under which their representatives may, in an individual capacity, speak therein shall be
drawn up by the Committee of Ministers after consultation with CLRAE and inserted in the
Rules of Procedure of the latter.
- The CLRAE and its chambers shall adopt their own Rules of Procedure. In particular, each
set of rules shall provide for:
- a quorum;
- questions concerning the right to vote and the majorities required, it being understood
that the Recommendations and Opinions addressed to the Committee of Ministers and the
Parliamentary Assembly shall be adopted by a majority of two-thirds of the members who are
present and take part in the vote;
- the procedure for the election of the President, Vice-Presidents and other members of
- the procedure for the establishment of the agenda and its transmission to delegates;
- the organisation of the work of ad hoc working groups.
- Moreover, the Rules of the CLRAE shall provide for the time-limit and method of
notification of the names of representatives and their substitutes and the procedure for
the examination of their credentials, by taking into account in particular articles 2 and
6 of the present Charter.
- The Congress shall appoint its President from the members of each chamber on an
alternative basis. The President shall remain in office for two ordinary sessions.
- Each chamber shall choose from among its members a President who shall remain in office
for two ordinary sessions.
Secretarial services for the CLRAE shall be provided by the Secretary General of the
Council of Europe.
- On a temporary basis, States which do not possess regional authorities, i.e. authorities
of a level immediately below national governmental level which have their own attributions
and elected organs, may appoint to the Chamber of Regions representatives of bodies of the
same level, made up, on a regional basis, of elected representatives of local authorities
or of regional associations of local authorities. This provision shall be re-examined
after a six-year period.
- In preparation for the first plenary session of the CLRAE, the procedures foreseen in
Article 3, paragraph 1 shall be adopted by the Committee of Ministers.
- One month before the first plenary session of the CLRAE, the President of the Committee
of Ministers shall choose by lot the chamber which proposes candidates for the Presidency
of the Congress. The Congress shall then elect its President at its first plenary session.
- On a temporary basis:
- the expenditure entailed by sessions of the CLRAE, by meetings of the two chambers and
by its organs, as well as any other expenditure connected with the activities of the
CLRAE, shall be borne by the budget of the Council of Europe. Only the costs of
participation of representatives are covered by the budget of the Council of Europe.
- such items of expenditure as can be clearly specified may be entered in a special
section of the budget.
- for the purpose of drawing up the annual budget, the CLRAE shall make its needs known to
the Secretary General, who will inform the Committee of Ministers thereof.
This provision shall be re-examined after a three-year period.