The member States of the Council of Europe, signatory hereto,
Considering that there is an increasing need to simplify formalities relating to the
international transfer of corpses;
Bearing in mind that the transfer of corpses does not create a risk to health even if
death was due to a communicable disease provided that appropriate measures are taken, in
particular with regard to the imperviousness of the coffin,
Have agreed as follows:
- The Contracting Parties shall apply, as between themselves, the provisions of this
- For the purpose of this Agreement, transfer of corpses is understood to be the
international transport of human remains from the State of departure to the State of
destination; the State of departure is that in which the transfer began; in the case of
exhumed remains, it is that in which burial had taken place; the State of destination is
that in which the corpse is to be buried or cremated after the transport.
- This Agreement shall not apply to the international transport of ashes.
- The provisions of this Agreement embody the maximum requirements which may be stipulated
in connection with the despatch of corpses from, their transit through, or their admission
to the territory of a Contracting Party.
- The Contracting Parties remain free to grant greater facilities either by means of
bilateral agreements or by decisions arrived at by common accord in special cases and in
particular in the case of transfer between frontier regions.
For such agreements or decisions to be applicable in any given case, the consent of all
the States involved must be obtained.
- Any corpse shall, during the transfer, be accompanied by a special document (laissez-passer
for a corpse) issued by the competent authority of the State of departure.
- The laissez-passer shall include at least the information set out in the model
annexed to the present Agreement; it shall be made out in the official language or one of
the official languages of the State in which it was issued and in one of the official
languages of the Council of Europe.
With the exception of the documents required under international conventions and
agreements relating to transport in general, or future conventions or arrangements on the
transfer of corpses, neither the State of destination nor the transit State shall require
any documents other than the laissez-passer for a corpse.
The laissez-passer is issued by the competent authority referred to in Article 8
of this Agreement, after it has ascertained that:
- all the medical, health, administrative and legal requirements of the regulations in
force in the State of departure relating to the transfer of corpses and, where
appropriate, burial and exhumation have been complied with;
- the remains have been placed in a coffin which complies with the requirements laid down
in Articles 6 and 7 of this Agreement;
- the coffin only contains the remains of the person named in the laissez-passer and
such personal effects as are to be buried or cremated with the corpse.
- The coffin must be impervious; the inside must contain absorbent material. If the
competent authority of the State of departure consider it necessary the coffin must be
provided with a purifying device to balance the internal and external pressures. It may
- either an outer coffin in wood with sides at least 20 mm thick and an inner coffin of
zinc carefully soldered or of any other material which is self-destroying;
- or a single coffin in wood with sides at least 30 mm thick lined with a sheet of zinc or
of any other material which is self-destroying.
- If the cause of death is a contagious disease, the body itself shall be wrapped in a
shroud impregnated with an antiseptic solution.
- Without prejudice to the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 of this article the coffin, if
it is to be transferred by air, shall be provided with a purifying device or, failing
this, present such guarantees of resistance as are recognised to be adequate by the
competent authority of the State of departure.
If the coffin is to be transported like an ordinary consignment, it shall be packaged
so that it no longer resembles a coffin, and it shall be indicated that it be handled with
Each Contracting Party shall communicate to the Secretary General of the Council of
Europe the designation of the competent authority referred to in Article 3, paragraph 1,
Article 5 and Article 6, paragraphs 1 and 3 of this Agreement.
If a transfer involves a third State which is a Party to the Berlin Arrangement
concerning the conveyance of corpses of 10 February 1937, any Contracting State to this
Agreement may require another Contracting State to take such measures as are necessary for
the former Contracting State to fulfil its obligations under the Berlin Arrangement.
- This Agreement shall be open to signature by the member States of the Council of Europe,
who may become Parties to it either by:
- signature without reservation in respect of ratification or acceptance, or
- signature with reservation in respect of ratification or acceptance, followed by
ratification or acceptance.
- Instruments of ratification or acceptance shall be deposited with the Secretary General
of the Council of Europe.
- This Agreement shall enter into force one month after the date on which three member
States of the Council shall have become Parties to the Agreement, in accordance with the
provisions of Article 10.
- As regards any member State who shall subsequently sign the Agreement without
reservation in respect of ratification or acceptance or who shall ratify or accept it, the
Agreement shall enter into force one month after the date of such signature or after the
date of deposit of the instrument of ratification or acceptance.
- After the entry into force of this Agreement, the Committee of Ministers of the Council
of Europe may invite any non-member State to accede thereto.
- Such accession shall be effected by depositing with the Secretary General of the Council
of Europe an instrument of accession which shall take effect one month after the date of
- Any Contracting Party may, at the time of signature or when depositing its instrument of
ratification, acceptance or accession, specify the territory or territories to which this
Agreement shall apply.
- Any Contracting Party may, when depositing its instrument of ratification, acceptance or
accession or at any later date, by declaration addressed to the Secretary General of the
Council of Europe, extend this Agreement to any other territory or territories specified
in the declaration and for whose international relations it is responsible or on whose
behalf it is authorised to give undertakings.
- Any declaration made in pursuance of the preceding paragraph may, in respect of any
territory mentioned in such declaration, be withdrawn according to the procedure laid down
in Article 14 of this Agreement.
- This Agreement shall remain in force indefinitely.
- Any Contracting Party may, in so far as it is concerned, denounce this Agreement by
means of a notification addressed to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe.
- Such denunciation shall take effect six months after the date of receipt by the
Secretary General of such notification.
The Secretary General of the Council of Europe shall notify the member States of the
Council and any State which has acceded to this Agreement of:
- any signature without reservation in respect of ratification or acceptance;
- any signature with reservation in respect of ratification or acceptance;
- the deposit of any instrument of ratification, acceptance or accession;
- any date of entry into force of this Agreement, in accordance with Article 11 thereof;
- any declaration received in pursuance of the provisions of paragraphs 2 and 3 of Article
- any notification received in pursuance of the provisions of Article 14 and the date on
which denunciation takes effect;
- any communication made to him under Article 8.
In witness whereof the undersigned, being duly authorised thereto, have signed this
Done at Strasbourg, this 26th day of October 1973, in the English and French languages,
both texts being equally authoritative, in a single copy which shall remain deposited in
the archives of the Council of Europe. The Secretary General of the Council of Europe
shall transmit certified copies to each of the signatory and acceding States.